In 1887, British explorer Hugh Nevill documented recent tales of the warfare occurring between the Veddhas and the Nittaewo. The Nittaewo being extinct at this point in time. In the 1940’s British primatologist W.C. Osman Hill published reports about the Nittaewo. He led an expedition into the region in 1945and found widespread belief in the Nittaewo still being alive on the island.. He concluded that Dubois’s Pithecanthropus erectus of Java, also known as the Java Ape Man, which has since been renamed, Homo erectus, matched the traditions and descriptions of the Nittaewo.
Captain A.T.Rambukwella theorised that the Nittaewo may have been a species of Australopithecus, described as small, man-like apes who stood erect and had a bipedal gait. He led an expedition to the Mahalenama area in search of the Nittaewo in May 1963. During a n excavation of a cave at Kudimbegala they discovered ,at a depth of ten inches( 25cms) , the vertebrae of a monitor lizard and a piece of a carapace of a star tortoise both said to be part of the diet of the Nittaewo.
Recently the following came to light:
Dr. Salvador Martinez, Spanish anthropologist, claimed to have had the opportunity to spot the Nittaewo. The encounter took place in
However people have said he was mistaken and it was simply a local to the area from a Nomad tribe. In October 2004, the discovery of the fossils of a proposed new species of the genus Homo, Homo Floresiensis, from the Indonesian
Hill, W. C. Osman (1945). "Nittaewo, an Unsolved Problem of
Lewis Frederick Notes on an exploration in
Nevill Hugh The Nittaewo of
.Rambukwella Captain A.T. The Nittaewo - The Legendary Pygmies of Ceylon. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Ceylon.1963