Monday 3 May 2010

Sightings of Sabre toothed cats.

There seems to have been little interest in Sabre Toothed cats sightings .Considering that sabre toothed creatures only died out about 10000 years ago and therefore there could be an ancestor around that was the result of interbreeding between cats as the last remnants of the sabre toothed fought to survive, it seems strange that this big cat is virtually ignored by cryptozoology. There is very little mention of it , even by those who research big cats.These cats were powerful hunters with large canine teeth that protruded out of the mouth, presumably for ripping prey apart or perhaps to get a grip on a prey that could not be broken if the teeth sank well in. The name sabre tooth comes from these teeth.Reports of sabre toothed cats have come from Africa, South America and even Europe. Some of these modern reports describe sabre-toothed cats as being aquatic, in that they lurk in water to seize prey or live in hidden dens with underground entrances. They may of course be mixing up the cat with something such as a crocodile, stories do get distorted over time as the “Chinese Whispers” go on. Some of the stories/ accounts of sightings are below:

In 1940 there was an account of the Mexican Ruffed Cat by zoologist Ivan Sanderson.. He obtained a large, tough cat skin from local people. The skin was about 6 feet( 2 metres) from nose-tip with a short 1.5 feet( 45 cm) tail.( Bear in mind pelts can stretch or shrink depending on how they are dried). The flanks and upper limbs had a series of wavy stripes in alternate light and dark shades of brown. The lower limbs were very dark brown, almost black as was the tail. The cat also had a large ruff that started just behind the shoulders and encircled the neck and covered the ears from above and behind. A second skin of a smaller specimen was obtained but found to be in poor condition, but had sharper stripes. They were stored with other skins in Sanderson's base, but the base got flooded and the skins lost or ruined. Several candidates have been put forward including the extinct Samilodon (sabre-tooth tiger) . Sabre toothed animals have been depicted by indigenous Indians in their art work. However this does not mean they have been seen recently but could simply be the stories of them are still alive and passed on through the generations. .

In 1966 a report of a sabre-toothed cat came from South America, by naturalist Peter Matthiessen While in Paraguay, Matthiessen was told by a seaman named Picquet about the existence of a mysterious cat :

"[He] described a rare striped cat not quite so large as a jaguar and very timid, which is possessed of two very large protruding teeth : this animal, he said, occurs in the mountain jungles of Colombia and Ecuador, and he has glimpsed it once himself." (Matthiessen 1966: 32, 33).

(N.B. Science Illustrée of September 1998 reports an observation by a French sailor, François Piquet , of a sabre-toothed cat in Paraguay in 1984 coming out of a cavern. It may be the same story as above but the date was mixed up)

In 1975 a "mutant jaguar" was shot and killed in Paraguay. Upon being examined by zoologist Juan Acavar, he described it as having a foot (30cms) long sabre-teeth. Acavar felt that the animal was in fact a Smilodon, which supposedly died out over 10,000 years ago. The story goes that fearing the report would frighten the public and attract ridicule he decided on the mutant jaguar story. However nothing more has been heard of the carcass.

( N.B. Cryptozoologist Bernard Heuvelmans wrote that sabre-toothed tigers, like Smilodon, may be involved in such sightings, but it's more likely that the Thylacosmilidae, extinct sabre-toothed marsupials indigenous to South America, are the real culprits. )

In 1975 in Chad Africa, Christian Le Noel was leading a game hunt from Derby near the river Ouandja 25km from Tirongoulou on the Chad-Sudan border when he heard a howling from a cave like nothing he had heard before. His tracker refused to go any further, saying that it was the sabre-tooth. The people of Temki, Hadjeray in south-west Chad call the sabre-toothed tiger the "hadjel." The Zagaoua people of the region describe the creature as being as tall as a lion, with red fur and white strips, tailless, and possessing a pair of large fangs/teeth projecting from its mouth. Wounds have been found on hippopotami that could have been inflicted by the teeth of a sabre-toothed tiger. Christian Le Noel witnessed a hippo that died of strange wounds which could have been made by an attack by a cat with large upper canine teeth.

In the UK there are stories about Hackney Marsh. There are tales of the Hackney Marsh Big Cat which is thought to be a sabre-toothed tiger. Witnesses have described it as four feet tall with very long canine teeth.

So could there be a remnant of the sabre toothed cat still around or even a hybrid, the result of interbreeding? Anything is possible . I just wonder why no one seems to have pursued the research for their existence , which is more likely than a living dinosaur in Africa or South America. If anyone has any thoughts please post a comment.

1998 Le félin aux dents de sabre. Science Illustrée, n° 9 : 62 (septembre).

Le Noel ,Christian 1999 On Target : History and Hunting In Central Africa Trophy Room Books; Limited edition

Matthiessen, Peter 1966 The Cloud Forest Pyramid Books New York.

A P.S.  : News that a Scottish wild cat swims to island. Seems cats are quite aquatic!


Josh said...

Sabre-toothed cats had only about 1/3 of the jaw strength of modern lions. This might negate the name "FATALIS" that is part of the genus name of this animal, that is if you don't consider the fact that these animals used the sabre tooth quite literally. Scientists have found that instead of biting and clamping down like lions, sabre-toothed cats used thier teeth as daggers to stab thier prey to death!

Tabitca said...

So there would be strange marks on the bodies of any animals they attacked then! Thank you for your insight Joss. It's quite scary. lol I rather hope there aren't any lurking about still.It could just be a known species of cat in more recent times has some genetic fault or illness that caused it's canine teeth to grow huge. Alas no one seems interested in finding out.

Markus said...

As always you have to look at the details of every account. For example the "Hadjel" of Chad was said to "grabbed him (an antelope buck) with his mouth and carried it away without major difficulty". This is by no means unusual for recent big cats but for an saber-toothed cat with highly elongated fragile teeth?

Maybe as they've gone extinct later than the dinosaurs it's easier to say their existence until today is more likely. But they face the same problems as the dinosaurs: no younger fossils than 10.000 years ago (or so), no pack of them anywhere to find, no whole population, no evidence to proof. Just stories...

BTW I summarized more accounts of such cats in 2005 out of Heuvelmans, Shuker and Krumbiegel:|en&u=http%3A//

Tabitca said...

Thanks for the input Markus. It is a good well written piece. The problem is that studying bones can't tell us everything and it is mostly guesswork.Which is why the ideas about prehistoric beasts change so much.If you look at the ideas from the 1950s to now, the change is immense.Large dinosaurs were thought to be aquatic so they could carry their own weight, we now know this was probably nonsense.New ideas may emerge about sabre toothed beasts.They survived for millions of years so their teeth must have either re grown when broken or not been as fragile as thought, other wise they would have died out.Interesting isn't it? I love this stuff, though we may never have an answer.

Anonymous said...

We just need more research . Probably one day some tv show or something well go on a expedition too find this " Mysterious cats " . Maybe they still live.! Anything could be possible.

Anonymous said...

Why were Saber toothed cats extinct again? Cant' find it anywhere, need to know for an assignment. Info helpful. :D

Tabitca said...
see this article.explains latest theories.

Unknown said...

I've seen one in Madagascar

Kimberly said...

I own a Smilodon the researchers are so off. What they been finding are young cats, My smilodon is much bigger. She likes large prey the bigger the better. Found her as a cub, she looked like a 3 months puma cub. Had her for 8 years now.